A Web Application Firewall (WAF) enables the protection of your web applications by standing between the Internet and your web applications. It monitors and filters out web traffic that travels to and from your application. Web Application Firewall (WAF) works within the seventh layer of the OSI model and provides a defense mechanism against certain types of attacks, including SQL injections, cross-site scripting, Challenge Collapsar, and many more.
Alibaba Cloud Web Application Firewall is a service that competes and leads many other WAF solutions available but is different from the Cloud Firewall service we discussed previously. Alibaba Cloud WAF is primarily used as a defense mechanism to protect your website and applications. WAF identifies malicious traffic generating from the web and filters it out to allow the normal traffic flow without interruptions.
Let’s take a look at some of the features of Alibaba Cloud Web Application Firewall:
- Access control for HTTP and HTTPS traffic
- Protection against Challenge Collapsar (CC) attacks
- Common OWASP attack prevention
- Zero-day vulnerability protection
- Protection for web applications and web sites
- Back-to-origin traffic over HTTP and HTTPS transmissions
- Protection against HTTP flood attacks
- Malicious bot traffic filtering
- Protection against API abuse for business risk control
- Anti-crawler protection
- Anti-rush protection
- Data leakage prevention
- Real-time storage, analysis, and custom reporting for a long period
- Sync support between WAF logs to other online services
WAF | Functionality | Features | Alibaba Cloud
Web Application Firewall is a type of reverse-proxy. A proxy protects the identity of a client, and WAF protects the server from attacks that might be generated by client traffic. WAF acts as a shield to protect your web apps. It utilizes different tools to create a protected environment against a range of attacks.
Alibaba Cloud WAF operates with policies that can be adjusted according to requirements and focus on filtering traffic to defend against malicious attacks.
Alibaba Cloud WAF ensures the high availability of your applications by maintaining a secure environment. WAF enhances protection by utilizing core defense capabilities with big data capabilities to provide comprehensive and reliable web security.
Some of the features of Alibaba Cloud WAF are listed below:
1. Defense against OWASP Threats
These attacks include SQL injection, XSS attacks, web-shell uploading, command injection, illegal HTTP protocol requests, common Web server vulnerability attacks, unauthorized access to core files, and path traversing.
Alibaba Cloud WAF provides backdoor isolation and scanning protection services.
2. Website Stealth
Alibaba Cloud WAF makes the website address invisible to attackers. This helps the system avoid direct attacks that may bypass WAF.
3. Protection against Zero-Day Vulnerabilities through Patching
The protection rules used by Alibaba Cloud WAF are tested and cover the latest vulnerability patches that are updated and synchronized globally immediately after release.
4. Observation Mode
Alibaba Cloud WAF provides an observation mode for businesses that have launched their websites recently. While in observation mode, any suspected attack triggers a warning and doesn’t block the IP or port. This helps facilitate the statistics of false alarms and business application availability for newly launched websites.
5. Protection against HTTP Flood Attacks
Alibaba Cloud WAF controls the access frequency from a single source IP address. It uses re-direction verification along with measures like machine or human identification. It also prevents massive and slow request attacks by implementing access control policies. To further enhance the protection, WAF also implements the recognition of exceptional response codes, URL request distribution, Referrer, and User-Agent requests.
6. Threat Intelligence
Alibaba Cloud WAF applies threat intelligence and implements access analysis models for the identification of malicious requests. Then, Alibaba Cloud’s big data security advantages come into play.
7. HTTP ACL Policy
Alibaba Cloud WAF comes with a user-friendly configuration console. This console helps you combine conditions to control common HTTP fields, such as IP, URL, Referrer, and User-Agent, to form precise access control policies.
Combined with common web attack protection and HTTP flood protection, Alibaba Cloud WAF access control helps create multiple protection layers to identify and differentiate between legitimate and malicious requests.
8. Low False Rate Positive
Instead of directly blocking an IP address that generates requests frequently, Alibaba Cloud WAF utilizes attack signatures and detects suspicious activities based on URL requests and response code. This enables low false rate positive and provides better business application availability.
9. Crawler, Anti-Leech, and Variant CC Prevention
This prevents variant CC attacks, such as CDN pingbacks, prevents malicious crawlers, and secures the web resources against malicious links from other websites that may point to non-existent links.
10. Load Balancing
Alibaba Cloud WAF supports multiple load balancing policies that can balance loads between multiple devices. This is enabled by utilizing cluster mode processing. On top of that, WAF can easily increase or decrease the number of cluster processing devices to expand or contract expansion based on traffic.
11. No Single-Point of Failure
In case a single device breaks down or is down for maintenance, the service is unaffected and keeps up with any presented loads.
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